Organica

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benc: +br2 febr3 --> -br b +3cl---> cl en vez d h
b +hno3 h2so4--> o= n-o
b +so3 h2so4--> o= s-oh
b -so3h +h20--> benc
b + (ch3)3-ccl+AlCl 3--> ch3-c-ch3
b +(ch3)3-co-cl+alcl3-->o-c-ch2ch3
b +r-co-cl+alcl3-->o-c-r +ZnHg+hcl-->h2-c-r
b +co,hcl+alcl3/cucl-->o=c-h
b - (2) ch2ch3+ 3 h 2 +ru/rh+T°--> ciclh c/2ch2ch3 y 2H
b -ch2 ch3 +na/li+nh3roh---> ciclh (2=) c/ch2ch3 y H
b-X +nuc---> -nuc
b-ch2r+kmn04+h20+t°---> -coo-k
b-ch2r+br2+hv--> br-ch-r
oh-b-cl+na2cr07+h2so4-->cilch(2=) c/ =o (2para) y -cl
oh-b-oh+2agbr--> clch(2=) c/ =o (2para)
x nuc
b-ch-r+nuc--> b-ch-r
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aop: -r,-or.-oh,-o,-nr2 /////////dop:-cl,-br,-I
amet: -no2,-so3h,-no3,-co,-cn
-------------------------------------------
r-x+ r'-oh--->r-o-r' r-x +r'-s---> r-s-r'
r-x + oh--->r-oh
c=c+kmno4+Q--->c=o +o=c-oh






carboxilo
r-ch2-ch+h2cr04/kmno4-->r-ch=o +h2cro4/kmno4--> r-c=o-oh
c=c +kmno4/o3+h2o-->r-cooh + hooc-r
bnc-r(alquino)+nb3cr2o2+h2so4/kmno4+h20--> benc-cooh
r-x+mg+eter-->r-mg-x +o=c=o--->r-c=o-omgx +H-->r-c=o-oh
r-ch2-x+nacn,aceto-->r-ch2-cn +h,h2o---> r-ch2-c=o-oh
r-c=o-ch3 +i2,oh--> r-c=-o
r-c=o-oh+cl-s=o-cl---> r-c=0-cl
r-c=o-oh+m-oh-->r-c=o-om
r-c=o-oh+r-oh---->r-c=o-o-r
r-c=o-cl+r-oh--->r-c=o-o-r
r-c=o- oh+ch2n2--->r-c=o-o-ch3
r-c=o-oh+r'-nh2-->r-c=o-oh3n-r' +calor---> r-c=o-nh-r'
r-c=o-cl +r'-nh2 ---> r-c=o-nh-r'
r-c=o-c + ho-c=o-r' ---> r-c=o-o-c=o-r'
r-c=o-oh +lialh4+h/ b2h---> r-ch2.oh
r-c=o-cl +liali/(ch3)3i5h----> r-c=o-h
a-c=o-li +r'-li+h20--->r-c=o-r'
r-c=o-oag+br2+Q-->r-br
r-ch2-c=o-ch+br2/br3-->r-ch.br-c=o-br +h2o--->r-ch-c=o-oh
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