Grammar

Enviado por Programa Chuletas y clasificado en Inglés

Escrito el en español con un tamaño de 4,65 KB

 
simple words words with jus one morpheme
complex words
contain two or more morphemes
grammar
set of rules wich describe how we use language
phonology
is a system of sounds in a language
semantics
the system of meaning in a language
dialect
reffers to language variation according to the user
stems
are the major part of words
affixes
are added before or after a stem
preffixes added before a stem
suffixes added after a stem
bound stem
a stem wich cannot stand alone
morphology
is a part of grammar telling how words are structured
morphemes can be stems or affixes
mutual intelligibility one criterion used to define a language
derivational suffixes
showing how the word is derived from another smaller word
inflexional suffixes showing the word is a variant form of the same word without the suffix
clauses are the major unit of wich sentences are compossed
phrases are units intermediate between clause and words
interjections ups, wow, ok...expressions
Coordinate particles to, not
object pronoun substitute the names of the people or things that are affected by an action
ed adjectives describe a person feelings
ing adjectives describe the effect that something has on a persons feelings
Collective nouns reffer to group of people, animals or objects as a group
adjectives go in front of a noun or as de complement of a link verb
uncountable noun are not used with infinitive articles
subject pronouns subitutes a noun or a noun phrase
Demostrative pronoun indicates location of one or more object
object pronouns substitutes the names of the people or hings that are affected by an action
reflexive pronouns used when the complement of the verb is the same as the subject
Present perfect used to relate the past to the present
secondary auxiliary verbs are the first elements in the ver phrase
stative verbs don't take imperative when the subject cannot control the action
present continous used to talk about future arregements
Present simple used to talk about permanent states already
Tense loosely to relate to time in the english language
possessive case used to explain the relationship between two or more people
regular full verbs have 4 morphologycall forms
by no letter then
dinamic verbs can take progressive form
double genitive used to talk about one of a number of things that belong or are associated with somebody
preposition of location are always followed by a noun phrase
adverb of frecquency go before a full verb
verbs have only two forms present and past




Entradas relacionadas: