5,6,7

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USE OF GERUND
despues de preposiones
como sustantivo
verbos:admit,advise,avoid,cant help,cant imagine,cant stand,complete,consider,discuss,dislike,dont mind,enjoy,finish,give up,imagine,keep,mention,mind,miss,practise,recommend,regret,report,resist,risk,sugesst.
USE OF INFINITIVE
despues de nombres
despues de adjetivos
verbos:afford,agree,appear,arrange,ask,attempt,beg,choose,dare,decide,demand,deserve,expect,fail,hesitate,hope,intend,learn,manage,mean,need,offer,prepare,pretend,promise,refuse,seem,threaten,wait,want,wisk.
CONDITIONAL
1)if+presente___________future(will)
2)if+past_______would+infinitivo
could(can)+infinitivo
3)if+past perfect_________would have+pp
could have+pp

-will e imperativo no siguen ninguna regla
-present----past 2)
past-----past perfect 3)
con el because se cambian de orden
siempre de + a - y de - a +

PASSIVE VOICE
verb to be+pp
1.con un objeto
he stole my watch--my watch was stolen
2.con dos objetos
jonh sent me a postacard---i was sent a postacard by jonh----a postcard was sent to me by jonh

send------------------------is/are sent
is sending----------------is/are being sent
sent-------------------------was/were sent
was sending-------------was/were being sent
have sent-------------------have/has been sent
will send---------------------will be sent
is going to send-----------is giong to be sent
must send---------------------must be sent
can send-------------can be sent
should send-----------------should be sent
have to send-----------have/has to be sent

they say that the president lives in that old palace
it is said that the president lives in that old palace
the president is said to live in that old palace



WISH
Pesar por presente: se usa were en vez de to be
---I wish he were here (pero no esta)
---I wish I had more money (pero no lo tengo)
Pesar por pasado
--I wish I had visited London when I went to England (pero no lo hice)
Deseo futuro, o keja presente
--I wish you would be quiet (estas haciendo mucho ruido)


INDIRECT
AS
-Normales: el verbo se mantiene
"I´m coming now", he said>>>He said (that) he was coming then
-Imperativa: se hacen con infinitivo, no tienen sujeto , SI SE CAMBIA EL VERBO, el it pasa a that.
"Look at those boys" my mother said>> My mother told me to look at those boys
-Interrogativas: Se mantiene el verbo
----Se contestan con si:
--Will you be able to come to the studio next week?">>>She asked if/whether I would be able to go to the studio the following week.
----Con What, who , where, when, why, whose, who:
--When did serena williams win the US Open? I asked>>> I asked when Serena Williams had won the US Open

Is----was
worked----had worked
will---would
is interviewing----was interviewing
was writing------- had been writing
has enjoyed----had enjoyed
has been watching------had been watching
had made----had made

Verbos para indirect:
Advise, explain, inform, remind, announce, mention, apologise, reply, offer, explain, declare, wonder, admit, inquiere, complain, promise, insist, claim, agree.

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