Examen

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Direct speech
Reported speech

present simple
I am happy
I sleep

past simple
He said he was happy
He said he slept
present continuos
I am feeling happy
I am sleeping
past continuos
He said he was feeling happy
He said he was sleeping
past simple
I was happy
I slept
past perfect
He said he had been happy
He said he had slept
present perfect
I have been happy
I have slept
past perfect
He said he had been happy
He said he had slept
present perfect continuos
I have been feeling happy
I have been sleeping
past perfect continuos
He said he had been feeling happy
He said he had been sleeping
future
I will be happy
I will sleep
simple conditional
He said he would be happy
He said he would sleep
future perfect
I will have been happy
I will have sleep
simple conditional perfect
He said he would have been happy
He said he would have slept

 

Direct speech
Reported speech

CAN
I can sleep

COULD
He said he could sleep
MAY
I may sleep
MIGHT
He said he might sleep
WILL
I will sleep
WOULD
He said he would sleep
MUST
I must sleep
HAD TO
He said he had to sleep

 

nowat that moment, then
tonightthat night
todaythat day
last nightthe night before
this morningthat morning
this weekthat week
next weekthe following week
next yearthe year after
herethere


Active Passive Time Reference
They make Fords in Cologne. Fords are made in Cologne.

Present Simple

Susan is cooking dinner. Dinner is being cooked by Susan

Present Continuous

James Joyce wrote "Dubliners". "Dubliners" was written by James Joyces.

Past Simple

They were painting the house when I arrived. The house was being painted when I arrived.

Past Continuous

They have produced over 20 models in the past two years. Over 20 models have been produced in the past two years.

Present Perfect

They are going to build a new factory in Portland. A new factory is going to be built in Portland.

Future Intention with Going to

I will finish it tomorrow. It will be finished tomorrow.

Future Simple